Import and processing of MON89034xNK603
The present application by Monsanto S.A. (file EFSA/GMO/NL/2007/38) ‘Import and processing of MON89034xNK603’, concerns the import and processing for use in feed and food of a genetically modified maize line. Cultivation is not part of this application.
The hybrid maize line MON89034xNK603 contains the genes cry1A.105 and cry2Ab2, conferring resistance to certain lepidopteran insects. In addition, this maize line contains the genes cp4 epsps and cp4 epsps L214P, resulting in tolerance to glyphosate containing herbicides.
Previously, COGEM issued a positive advice on cultivation of maize line NK603. Simultaneously with the current application, COGEM has been asked to advice on import and processing of maize line MON89034. COGEM is of the opinion that the molecular data provided for parental maize line MON89034 is incomplete.
During the long domestication process, maize has lost its ability to survive in the wild. In the Netherlands, the appearance of maize volunteers is rare and establishment of volunteers in the wild has never been reported. There are no reasons to assume that the traits introduced will increase the potential of maize to establish feral populations. The genes introduced in MON89034xNK603 cannot spread to closely related species since wild relatives of maize are not present in Europe.
In view of the above, COGEM is of the opinion that incidental spillage of MON89034xNK603 most likely poses negligible risks to man and the environment. However, because of the incomplete molecular analysis of MON89034, COGEM cannot advice positively on import and processing of maize line MON89034xNK603.
In addition, COGEM is of the opinion that the applicant should describe in more detail how the general surveillance plan will be organized. Furthermore, the applicant should ensure that information is obtained and that direct and indirect effects are reported annually.