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Advisory reports 19.10.2018

Import and processing of genetically modified maize DP4114xMON810xMIR604xNK603

(CGM/181019-01)
  • The present application (EFSA/GMO/NL/2018/150) concerns the authorisation for import and processing for use in feed and food of genetically modified (GM) maize DP4114xMON810xMIR604xNK603 and its sub-combinations;
  • Maize DP4114xMON810xMIR604xNK603 was produced by conventional crossbreeding of the four GM parental maize lines;
  • Previously, COGEM advised positively on the import and processing of all four parental lines;
  • The molecular characterisation of DP4114xMON810xMIR604xNK603 has been updated and is adequate;
  • The updated bioinformatics analyses do not provide indications for environmental risks;
  • The GM maize expresses the genes cry1Ab, cry1F, cry34Ab1, cry35Ab1, mcry3A, cp4 epsps, pat and mir604pmi;
  • It is resistant to certain lepidopteran and coleopteran insects, tolerant to glyphosate and glufosinate-ammonium containing herbicides, and able to use mannose as a carbon source;
  • In the Netherlands, feral maize populations have never been observed and the appearance of volunteers is rare;
  • In the Netherlands, wild relatives of maize are absent and hybridisation of maize with other species is therefore not possible;
  • There are no indications that the introduced traits allow DP4114xMON810xMIR604 xNK603 to survive in the Netherlands;
  • There are no indications that DP4114xMON810xMIR604xNK603 could establish feral populations in the Netherlands;
  • COGEM is of the opinion that import and processing of maize DP4114xMON810xMIR604 xNK603 and its sub-combinations pose a negligible risk to the environment in the Netherlands;
  • COGEM abstains from giving advice on the potential risks of incidental consumption since a food/feed assessment is carried out by other organisations.