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Advisory reports 29.09.2017

Import and processing of herbicide tolerant genetically modified maize MON87419

(CGM/170929-02)
  • The present application (EFSA-GMO-NL-2017-140) concerns the authorisation for import and processing for use in feed and food of genetically modified (GM) maize MON87419;
  • Maize MON87419 was produced by Agrobacterium tumefaciens mediated transformation with two separate T-DNA cassettes. T-DNA I contains the dmo and  pat expression cassettes and T-DNA II contains the cp4 epsps expression cassette;
  • Subsequently, crossing, segregation, screening and selection were used to isolate those plants that contain the dmo and pat gene expression cassettes (T-DNA I) and do not contain the cp4 epsps expression cassette (T-DNA II);
  • This resulted in the MON87419 maize GM line which expresses the dmo and pat genes conferring tolerance to dicamba and glufosinate-ammonium containing herbicides;In the Netherlands, feral maize populations have never been observed and the appearance of volunteers is rare;
  • In the Netherlands, wild relatives of maize are absent and hybridisation of maize with other species is therefore not possible;The molecular characterisation of maize MON87419 meets the criteria of COGEM;
  • There are no indications that the introduced traits alter the fitness of maize MON87419 under natural conditions;
  • There are no reasons to assume that the introduced traits will allow GM maize MON87419 to survive in the Dutch environment;
  • COGEM is of the opinion that import and processing of maize MON87419 poses a negligible risk to the environment in the Netherlands;
  • COGEM abstains from giving advice on the potential risks of incidental consumption since a food/feed assessment is carried out by other organisations.