These are the projects COGEM is currently working on. Research projects are performed by third parties. The date is the estimated date at which the project will be completed.
COGEM has been asked to advise on the environmental risks of genetically modified (GM) maize line MON87419. This GM maize line is tolerant to dicamba and glufosinate-ammonium containing herbicides due to the expression of the dmo and pat genes.
COGEM was asked to advise on the environmental risks of import and processing of genetically modified (GM) cotton COT102. This GM cotton line contains the gene vip3Aa19, which confers tolerance to certain insects. GM cotton COT102 also contains the aph4 gene, which confers resistance to the antibiotic hygromycin and is used to select transformed plants during the production process.
COGEM has been asked to advise on the environmental risks of genetically modified (GM) maize line MZIR098. This GM maize line is tolerant to glufosinate-ammonium containing herbicides due to the expression of the pat gene. Additionally the line contains the genes ecry3.1Ab and mcry3A conferring resistance against certain coleopteran pests.
In the past, genetically modified (GM) insect resistant crops expressed a single gene encoding one Bt toxin. Nowadays, multiple genes encoding several different Bt toxins are introduced in GM crops.
Bt toxins may interact, which could alter their effect on non-target organisms. Non-target organisms that are not sensitive to the separate Bt toxins, may be sensitive to the combination of Bt toxins.The presence of multiple Bt toxins in a GM crop therefore raises new questions for risk assessment.
COGEM will shortly issue a guidance to assess potential risks to non-target organisms of GM crops expressing multiple Bt toxins.